NASA sent a rocket into one of the craters on the Moon yesterday on the southern pole. The goal was to throw up a massive plume of dust so that a trailing probe could fly through the plume and analyze it for water.
The resulting plume of Moon dust was over six miles high.
Water (H2O) is important because it’s so expensive to take up to space. I once read that it cost $50,000 to take one gallon of water to space. Now I don’t know if that’s true, but I know that water is heavy, so in that regard, it does make sense. With water, oxygen can be extracted to make breathable air. Hydrogen can be extracted to make rocket fuel.
Water is important. It would be so much easy to send people to the Moon for extended periods of time if they could harvest water from the Moon’s dust.